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Eur J Biochem. 1994 Feb 1;219(3):1063-71.

The metabolism of 2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose in human chondrocytes and its incorporation into keratan sulfate proteoglycans.

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Institute of Clinical Chemistry and Pathobiochemistry, Medical Faculty, University of Technology Aachen, Germany.


The incorporation of 2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-[14C]glucose in proteoglycans was investigated in a cell culture system, where human articular chondrocytes were cultured in high-cell-density thin-layer soft agarose. The proteoglycans were solubilized from the culture medium and the cell layer fraction by extracting with a guanidine hydrochloride buffer and purified by an ion-exchange-chromatography (DEAE-Sepharose CL-6B). With enzymic decomposition experiments concerning the glycosaminoglycan side-chains it could be shown that 65-69% were digestible by keratanase, whereas 21-29% of the 14C-labeled proteoglycans were digested with chondroitinase AC/ABC. The main constituent of the 2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-[14C]glucose-metabolites present in the glycosaminoglycan side chains of the proteoglycans was 2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-[14C]galactose. Therefore, 2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose was preferentially incorporated into keratan sulfate. We investigated the effect of non-radioactive 2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose on UDP-sugar and proteoglycan biosynthesis after incubation periods of 1-30 h. A high 2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose concentration in the culture medium did not influence the pool size of UDP-N-acetylhexosamines, but UDP-D-glucose, UDP-D-galactose, UDP-D-glucuronic acid, UDP-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose, UDP-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-galactose and UDP-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucuronic acid accumulated in the chondrocytes time dependently. In a pulse/chase experiment the retarded synthesis of fluorinated UDP-sugars was proved. The half-lives (t1/2) for UDP-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose and UDP-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-galactose were about 7.7 h and 13.3 h, respectively. UDP-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucuronic acid could be found with delay. The incubation with 2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose and [14C]glucosamine resulted in a decreased radioactive labelling of chondroitin sulfate and keratan sulfate.

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