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Cult Med Psychiatry. 1993 Dec;17(4):387-97.

Women, poverty and AIDS: an introduction.

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Harvard Medical School, Boston.



By the mid-1990s, global human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections among women are expected to equal those among men. This trend reflects economic, political, and cultural factors that limit women's ability to protect themselves from HIV transmission. Studies in developing countries have indicated that HIV-infected women (other than sex workers) do not average significantly more sex partners than uninfected controls; the chief risk factors are poverty, migration to urban centers for employment as domestics, and sexual contact with soldiers or truck drivers. Social marketing projects aimed at increasing condom availability overlook the fact that, in many cultures, fidelity is confirmed by having sex without a condom. The same social forces that place poor women at greater risk of HIV infection are responsible for the inadequate allocation of resources to assist women with HIV and those who serve as caretakers of infected family members. The articles in this monograph illustrate the interaction of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), gender, and poverty in North America and on a global level.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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