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Nihon Koshu Eisei Zasshi. 1993 Dec;40(12):1101-10.

[Correlates associated with desire by caregivers to transfer elderly from home care to institutions].

[Article in Japanese]

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Department of Public Health, Kansai Medical University.


A questionnaire survey was performed on 183 caregivers of elderly listed on a roster for utilization of day service or short stay service in nursing homes in order to elucidate the following; actual conditions of care at home; percentage desiring to transfer to institutionalized care in hospital, nursing homes and geriatric intermediate care facilities, reasons for continuing care at home; and factors relating to desire for transferring to institutionalized care. Results are as follows; Major items of troubles expressed by caregivers were; "high stress and mental fatigue" (55.7%), "unable to freely go out from home" (54.1%), and "loss of personal time" (46.4%), "heavy burden from food preparation, body discharge disposal and bathing of the elderly" (40.0%). 41.5% of caregivers expressed desire for transfer of elderly to institutional care. Of those who desire transfer to hospital care, 21.1% were continuing home care due to non-availability of appropriate hospital, 44.7% because of inability to meet the demand for assisting in the nursing of the elderly during hospitalization, 26.3% because they were turned away by the hospital. Where transfer to nursing homes was desired but not realized, 20.0% reported lack of nursing homes nearby. Where desire was for transfer to geriatric intermediate care facilities, lack of such facilities was reported by 37.5%. Analysis was performed to elucidate the factors that determine whether a caregiver would demand a transfer to an institutions. Main factors were age of caregiver, family relationships, family finance, the frequency of occurrence of problems with home care, and whether or not they themselves would accept institutional care when that time came. Main factors associated with the cared elderly desiring institutional care were eating ability, speaking ability and mental status score. Analysis of the problems related to desire to transfer to institutional care showed their factors such as whether or not there was room available for home care, financial family burden, perceived interference with personal time by the home care, and perception of appropriateness of coping with symptom change of elderly, all have significant relationships.

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