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Biol Psychiatry. 1993 Dec 15;34(12):824-38.

A.E. Bennett Research Award 1993. Olfactory neuroblasts from Alzheimer donors: studies on APP processing and cell regulation.

Author information

1
Section of Geriatric Psychiatry, National Institutes of Mental Health, Bethesda, MD 20892.

Abstract

Cell lines of continuously dividing human olfactory neuroblasts can be propagated using olfactory epithelium obtained from human donors at biopsy or autopsy. The expression of neuronal proteins in these cells, such as neurofilament protein and tau protein, can be increased using a combination of factors including nerve growth factor, fibroblast growth factor, interleukin 1 and interleukin 6. These cells also express aspects of human disease. Olfactory neuroblasts generated from donors with the common, sporadic forms of Alzheimer's disease, show elevated levels of the direct precursor to beta-amyloid, the amyloid precursor protein C-terminal derivative (CTD). When treated with the lysosomal inhibitor chloroquine, immunoblots of Alzheimer olfactory neuroblasts show seven-fold higher levels of CTDs than immunoblots from age-matched control neuroblasts. The disease related increases in CTDs can be reversed by treatment with agents that increase intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), such as dibutyryl-cyclic-AMP, theophylline, and isoproterenol.

PMID:
8110910
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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