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Neuron. 1994 Feb;12(2):271-80.

Inhibition of microtubule nucleation at the neuronal centrosome compromises axon growth.

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Department of Anatomy, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison 53706.


We tested the dependence of axon growth on microtubule (MT) nucleation from the neuronal centrosome. Nocodazole diminished MTs in freshly plated neurons by > 99%. Within 5 min of drug removal, MTs reassembled at the centrosome. This response was inhibited in cells microinjected with gamma-tubulin antibody. Within 2 hr of drug removal, uninjected neurons grew > 500 microns of axon. In roughly half of the antibody-injected cells, axon growth was abolished and MT levels were reduced by approximately 87% compared with uninjected cells. In the other antibody-injected cells, axon growth was compromised but not abolished, and MT levels were reduced by approximately 38%. Thus inhibition of MT nucleation at the centrosome hindered MT reassembly, and depending on the severity of this response, axon growth was either compromised or abolished.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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