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Nature. 1994 Mar 3;368(6466):70-3.

A 13-amino-acid motif in the cytoplasmic domain of Fc gamma RIIB modulates B-cell receptor signalling.

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DeWitt Wallace Research Laboratory, Sloan-Kettering Institute, New York, New York 10021.


The Fc receptor on B lymphocytes, Fc gamma RIIB (beta 1 isoform), helps to modulate B-cell activation triggered by the surface immunoglobulin complex. Crosslinking of membrane immunoglobulin by antigen or anti-Ig F(ab')2 antibody induces a transient increase in cytosolic free Ca2+, a rise in inositol-3-phosphate, activation of protein kinase C, and enhanced protein tyrosine phosphorylation. Crosslinking Fc gamma RIIB with the surface immunoglobulin complex confers a dominant signal that prevents or aborts lymphocyte activation triggered through the ARH-1 motifs of the signal transduction subunits Ig-alpha and Ig-beta. Here we show that Fc gamma RIIB modulates membrane immunoglobulin-induced Ca2+ mobilization by inhibiting Ca2+ influx, without changing the pattern of tyrosine phosphorylation. A 13-amino-acid motif in the cytoplasmic domain of Fc gamma RIIB is both necessary and sufficient for this effect. Tyrosine at residue 309 in this motif is phosphorylated upon co-crosslinking with surface immunoglobulin; mutation of this residue aborts the inhibitory effect of Fc gamma RIIB. This inhibition is directly coupled to signalling mediated through Ig-alpha and Ig-beta as evidenced by chimaeric IgM/alpha and IgM/beta molecules. The 13-residue motif in Fc gamma RIIB controls lymphocyte activation by inhibiting a Ca2+ signalling pathway triggered through ARH-1 motifs as a result of recruitment of novel SH2-containing proteins that interact with this Fc gamma RIIB cytoplasmic motif.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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