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Nature. 1994 Feb 17;367(6464):660-3.

Measurement of the beta-sheet-forming propensities of amino acids.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Nine Cambridge Centre 02142.

Abstract

Several model systems have been used to evaluate the alpha-helical propensities of different amino acids. In contrast, experimental quantitation of beta-sheet preferences has been addressed in only one model system, a zinc-finger peptide. Here we measure the relative propensity for beta-sheet formation of the twenty naturally occurring amino acids in a variant of the small, monomeric, beta-sheet-rich, IgG-binding domain from protein G. Amino-acid substitutions were made at a guest site on the solvent-exposed surface of the beta-sheet. Several criteria were used to establish that the mutations did not cause significant structural changes: binding to the Fc domain of IgG, calorimetric unfolding and NMR spectroscopy. Characterization of the terminal stabilities of these proteins leads to a thermodynamic scale for beta-sheet propensities that spans a range of approximately 2 kcal mol-1 for the naturally occurring amino acids, excluding proline. The magnitude of the differences suggests that beta-sheet preferences can be important determinants of protein stability.

PMID:
8107853
DOI:
10.1038/367660a0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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