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J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1994 Mar;7(3):254-60.

Management of acyclovir-resistant herpes simplex and varicella-zoster virus infections.

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  • 1Department of Laboratory Medicine & Pathology, University of Minnesota Health Sciences Center, Minneapolis.


Persons with AIDS who have CD4+ counts < or = 100 and transplant patients, especially bone marrow allograft recipients, may experience clinically significant infections with acyclovir-resistant herpes simplex virus (HSV) or varicella-zoster virus (VZV). Patients who have received prior repeated acyclovir treatment appear to be at the highest risk of harboring acyclovir-resistant strains. Algorithms for the management of these infections were developed at a recent roundtable symposium. The consensus of the panelists was that treatment with foscarnet should be initiated within 7-10 days in patients suspected to have acyclovir-resistant HSV or VZV infections. Foscarnet therapy should be continued for at least 10 days or until lesions are completely healed.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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