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J Infect Dis. 1994 Feb;169(2):402-7.

Evaluation of cold-adapted, reassortant influenza B virus vaccines in elderly and chronically ill adults.

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Department of Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine, New York 14642.


The safety and immunogenicity of two recent cold-adapted reassortant influenza B viruses were evaluated in persons at high risk for influenza-related morbidity and mortality. Ambulatory adults > 65 years old or with chronic high-risk conditions were randomly assigned to receive parenteral trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine containing either influenza B/Ann Arbor/86 or B/Yamagata/88 hemagglutinin antigens, cold-adapted reassortant influenza B/Ann Arbor/1/86 or B/Yamagata/16/88 viruses (10(7.2) TCID50), or placebo in double-blind fashion. Cold-adapted vaccine viruses were well tolerated, with similar rates of respiratory symptoms in all groups. There were no changes in spirometry or oxygen saturation following vaccination. Immune responses to both types of vaccine were modest, with serum antibody responses occurring significantly more frequently and with higher magnitude in those receiving inactivated than in those receiving cold-adapted vaccine. Cold-adapted, reassortant influenza B vaccines are safe in the elderly and those with chronic illness but are not optimally immunogenic in this group.

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