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J Biol Chem. 1994 Feb 18;269(7):4872-7.

Identification of amino acid residues involved in the activity of phosphomannose isomerase-guanosine 5'-diphospho-D-mannose pyrophosphorylase. A bifunctional enzyme in the alginate biosynthetic pathway of Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

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Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Chicago 60612.


Phosphomannose isomerase-guanosine 5'-diphospho-D-mannose pyrophosphorylase (PMI-GMP), which is encoded by the algA gene, catalyzes two noncontiguous steps in the alginate biosynthetic pathway of Pseudomonas aeruginosa; the isomerization of D-fructose 6-phosphate to D-mannose 6-phosphate and the synthesis of GDP-D-mannose and PPi from GTP and D-mannose 1-phosphate. Amino acids that are required for the GMP enzyme activity were identified through site-directed mutagenesis of the algA gene. Mutation of Lys-175 to arginine, glutamine, or glutamate produced an enzyme whose Km for D-mannose 1-phosphate was 470-3,200-fold greater than that measured for the wild type enzyme. In addition, these mutant enzymes had a lower Vmax for the GMP activity as compared with the wild type PMI-GMP. These results indicate that Lys-175 is primarily involved in the binding of the substrate D-mannose 1-phosphate, although it is likely that other residues are required for the specificity of binding. Mutation of Arg-19 to glutamine, histidine, or leucine resulted in a 2-fold lower Vmax for the GMP enzyme activity and a 4-7-fold increase in the Km for GTP as compared with the wild type enzyme. Thus, it appears that Arg-19 functions in the binding of GTP. In addition, chymotryptic digestion of PMI-GMP showed that the carboxyl terminus is critical for PMI activity but not for GMP activity. Taken together, these results support the hypothesis that the bifunctional PMI-GMP protein is composed of two independent enzymatic domains.

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