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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1976 Jul 21;437(2):487-97.

Properties of mouse alpha-galactosidase.

Abstract

alpha-Galactosidase has been examined in various murine tissues using the substrate 4-methylumbelliferyl-alpha-galactoside. Mouse liver appears to contain a single major form of the enzyme, as judged by chromatography and electrophoresis. The enzmye was purified 467-fold with a yield of about 40% by a method involving chromatography on Concanavalin A-Sepharose. It has maximal activity at pH 4.2, a Km value of 1.4 mM, and energy of activation of 16 400 cal/mol, and a molecular weight of 150 000 at pH 5.2. It is inhibited at high concentrations of myoinositol and appears to contain N-acetylneuraminic acid. In these characteristics it resembles human alpha-galactosidase A. The enzyme from various tissues differs in electrophoretic mobility. After treatment with neuraminidase, however, the enzyme from all tissues comigrates as a single band of activity. By this criterion the alpha-galactosidase of liver is most heavily sialylated and that from kidney the least. As estimated by gel filtration, the enzyme from liver and kidney exists as species of molecular weight 320 000, 150 000 and 70 000, depending upon pH and ionic strength. This appears to be the result of aggregation of the enzyme, since the forms are interconvertible and under some conditions a single molecular weight species is observed. The liver enzyme is primarily lysosomal, while the kidney enzyme is distributed approximately equally between lysosomal and microsomal fractions.

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