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Hum Genet. 1993 Oct 1;92(3):254-8.

Phenylketonuria in Spain: RFLP haplotypes and linked mutations.

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  • 1Centro de Biología Molecular Severo Ochoa CSIC-UAM, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco, Spain.


In order to investigate the molecular basis of phenylketonuria (PKU) in Spain, we analyzed the restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) haplotypes and common mutations in the phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) gene in 32 unrelated Spanish PKU families. The distribution of RFLP haplotypes differs from that of northern Europe. Mutant haplotypes 2 and 3 were completely absent in our sample. Approximately 65% of the mutant alleles are confined to three RFLP haplotypes, namely haplotypes 1, 6 and 9, also frequently found in other Mediterranean populations. We screened for previously described PKU mutations using the polymerase chain reaction and allele-specific oligonucleotides, and found IVS10, I65T, E280K and P281L as the major mutations, representing 41% of the PKU alleles. Other mutations found were Y414C, and a new one, P244L. Mutations R408W and IVS12, prevalent in northern Europe, as well as others present in southern European populations (R252W, R261Q, L249F) were not detected in our sample. Our results reveal the genetic heterogeneity present in the Spanish PKU population, which shows similarities to others of Mediterranean origin.

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