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Int J Immunopharmacol. 1993 Jul;15(5):615-20.

Modulation of chemiluminescence in a murine macrophage cell line by neuroendocrine hormones.

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Psychiatry and Service, Jerry L. Pettis Memorial Veterans' Affairs Medical Center, Loma Linda, California 92357.


This study determined the effects of neuropeptides and neuroendocrine hormones at the cellular level of the immune response using a murine macrophage cell line, J774, which exhibits a chemiluminescent oxidative burst upon acute stimulation with zymosan. We report that the zymosan-triggered oxidative burst of J774 cells can be modulated by the opioid peptides beta-endorphin (beta-END) and dynorphin A (DYN) in a naloxone-reversible fashion. Norepinephrine (NE) also modulated chemiluminescence (CL) emission of J774 cells, with dose-dependent suppression of CL dependent upon co-incubation with gamma-interferon (gamma-INF). Without gamma-INF co-incubation, NE shared with the opioid peptides beta-END and DYN the ability to modulate oxidative burst, producing an inverted-U dose response. These data indicate that J774 cells may be useful for explaining some mechanisms through which the neuroendocrine system interacts with the immune system.

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