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Am J Physiol. 1993 Aug;265(2 Pt 1):G314-20.

Cardiac function and responsiveness to beta-adrenoceptor agonists in rats with obstructive jaundice.

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1
Department of Pharmacology, Bruce Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa.

Abstract

The function and role of the heart and the contribution of cardiac beta-adrenoceptors in the pathogenesis of circulatory failure in obstructive jaundice were studied in the 3-day bile duct-ligated (BDL) rat using three different techniques to measure cardiac function and beta-adrenoceptor activity, number, and affinity. The techniques were the pithed rat preparation, the isolated working heart preparation, and a competitive radioligand binding assay for beta-adrenoceptors. The results of these experiments were compared with those obtained in 3-day bile duct-manipulated (sham operated; SO) rats. Impaired indexes of basal cardiac contractility were observed in the BDL pithed rats and isolated working hearts. In these two preparations, responsiveness to norepinephrine and the beta-adrenoceptor agonists, isoproterenol and dobutamine, was unaffected by bile duct ligation. The affinity and number of cardiac beta-adrenoceptors in membranes from the hearts of SO and BDL rats were not significantly different from each other. These experiments have established for the first time that the 3-day BDL rat has a cardiac myopathy associated with intact responsiveness to beta-adrenoceptor agonists, a normal unchanged affinity and number of cardiac beta-adrenoceptors.

PMID:
8103636
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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