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J Neurophysiol. 1993 Jul;70(1):8-19.

The excitatory and inhibitory amino acid receptors on horizontal cells isolated from the white perch retina.

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Jules Stein Eye Institute, UCLA School of Medicine 90024.


1. The distribution and the properties of receptors to the inhibitory amino acid glycine (GLY) and the excitatory amino acid glutamate (GLU) and its analogues kainate (KA), quisqualate (QUIS), alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA), and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), were studied with whole-cell and outside-out patch-clamp techniques on all four types of horizontal cells isolated from the retina of white perch. 2. Glycine at concentrations above 30 microM evoked whole-cell current responses from two types of horizontal cells (H2 and H4). The other two types of horizontal cells (H1 and H3) were unresponsive to GLY (30 microM-3 mM). 3. Responses elicited by GLY from H2 and H4 cells were similar, consisting of inward currents that desensitized with a half-decay time of 0.5-2 s at glycine concentrations between 100 and 500 microM. GLY-activated currents were inhibited by the glycine receptor antagonist strychnine (STRYCH). Current responses evoked by GLY reversed at the Cl- equilibrium potential. 4. Dose-response analysis of peak currents induced by GLY revealed a Hill coefficient of 2.0 +/- 0.1 (mean +/- SD, n = 3) and an median effective concentration (EC50) of 85 +/- 2 microM (n = 3). 5. Single glycine receptor channels recorded from outside-out patches had a main-state conductance of 47 +/- 4 pS (n = 3). 6. Every type of horizontal cell from the white perch responded to GLU, KA, QUIS, and AMPA but none responded to exogenously applied NMDA (200 microM) or NMDA (200 microM) + GLY (1 microM) in a Mg+2-free bathing solution. 7. The ratio of the amplitude of responses to GLU, KA, QUIS, and AMPA remained nearly constant among all the horizontal cells tested, suggesting there might be only a single population of non-NMDA receptors on these cells. 8. QUIS and KA both elicited responses from the horizontal cells. When applied together with KA, QUIS competitively antagonized the responses of horizontal cells to KA. 9. The results demonstrated the existence of an inhomogeneous distribution of strychnine-sensitive glycine receptors and a homogeneous distribution of non-NMDA type glutamate receptors among the four types of white perch horizontal cells.

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