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J Med Chem. 1993 Jul 23;36(15):2107-14.

New pyridobenzodiazepine derivatives as potential antipsychotics: synthesis and neurochemical study.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Medicinal Chemistry, University of Liège, Belgium.

Abstract

The discovery of a new, safe, atypical antipsychotic remains an important challenge. To achieve this goal, a series of N-methylpiperazinopyrido[2,3-b] [1,4]- and -[1,5]- and -pyrido[4,3-b][1,4]- and -[1,5]- benzodiazepines were synthesized. The dopaminergic (D1, D2), serotonergic (5-HT2), and cholinergic (M) affinities, frequently remarked in the action mechanisms of antipsychotic drugs, were determined using their respective in vitro receptor binding assays. All affinities were reduced for each compound. Optimal substituents were found to be in the 2- or 8-position for the retention of affinities, while substitution at the 5-position by acyl or alkyl groups dramatically diminished binding affinities. Pyridobenzodiazepine derivatives, such as clozapine, were found to be inactive or only weakly effective against apomorphine-mediated stereotypes in rats. In an original and complex behavioral model developed in dogs and successfully used to differentiate distinct classes of psychotropic drugs and to discriminate between typical and atypical neuroleptic drugs, 8-chloro-6-(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl)-11H-pyrido[2,3-b] [1,4]benzodiazepine (9), 8-methyl-6-(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl)-11H-pyrido [2,3-b][1,4]benzodiazepine (12), and 5-(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl)-11H-pyrido[2,3-b][1,5]benzodiazepine (16) showed most of the behavioral characteristics previously described for neuroleptics. Their neurochemical profiles, particularly their 5-HT2/D2 pKi ratios, were compatible with an atypical antipsychotic effect. These compounds were selected for further investigation. The proposed modulations could lead to new possibilities for the pharmacochemistry of diarylazepines.

PMID:
8101877
DOI:
10.1021/jm00067a009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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