Send to

Choose Destination
Biochem Pharmacol. 1993 Jun 9;45(11):2352-4.

Antagonism of the five cloned human muscarinic cholinergic receptors expressed in CHO-K1 cells by antidepressants and antihistaminics.

Author information

Department of Psychiatry, Mayo Foundation, Jacksonville, FL 32224.


Based on molecular cloning studies, five different muscarinic receptor subtypes exist: m1, m2, m3, m4, and m5. We determined the affinity and selectivity of binding for sixteen antidepressants, two of their metabolites, and three antihistaminics (H1) at these subtypes. Using Chinese hamster ovary cells (CHO-K1) transfected with genes for the human muscarinic receptor subtypes, we obtained equilibrium dissociation constants (Kds) from competitive radioligand binding studies with [3H]-quinuclidinyl benzilate ([3H]QNB) and membranal preparations of these cells. QNB was the most potent compound studied (Kd 30-80 pM). Mequitazine (Kd 6-14 nM) and amitriptyline (Kd 7-16 nM) exhibited the highest affinity among the antihistaminics and antidepressants, respectively. Among the antidepressants examined were the serotonin-selective drugs sertraline and fluoxetine, both of which displayed Kd values > 1 microM. The remaining antidepressants were moderate to weak antagonists with some eliciting no radioligand competition at high concentrations. The compounds studied showed no significant selectivity among the five cloned subtypes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center