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Am J Surg. 1993 Jun;165(6):676-80.

Somatostatin attenuates ischemic intestinal injury.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104-4283.


Pancreatic-derived proteases play a central role in the pathogenesis of ischemic intestinal injury. We postulated that exocrine blockade by pretreatment with a long-acting somatostatin analogue, octreotide acetate, would attenuate ischemic mucosal injury. Sprague-Dawley rats received subcutaneous octreotide (10 micrograms/kg/d) for 6 days by means of surgically implanted infusion ports. In a group of sham control rats, splanchnic blood flow (portal vein Doppler measurement) and duodenal trypsin activity (p-toluene sulfonyl-L-arginine methyl ester assay) were determined. In a separate experiment, pretreated animals were subjected to 60 minutes of superior mesenteric artery ischemia alone or followed by 30 minutes of reperfusion. Gross extent of hemorrhagic necrosis and microscopic injury (rank analysis) were assessed by a blinded observer. Pretreatment with octreotide reduced intraluminal duodenal trypsin activity by 46% without affecting portal blood flow. However, octreotide pretreatment significantly attenuated the microscopic depth of injury during ischemia and the extent of gross injury during reperfusion. It appears that somatostatin may have an adjuvant role in the prevention or progression of intestinal ischemic injury.

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