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Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 1993;40 Suppl:S21-7.

Abnormal (auto)immunity and endometriosis.

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Center for Human Reproduction, Chicago, Illinois.


Immunologic abnormalities may precede endometriosis and be involved in its pathophysiology especially as it relates to the occurrence of infertility and pregnancy loss. Many cases of unexplained infertility may represent undiagnosed endometriosis. This is supported by the observation that immunologic profiles in endometriosis and unexplained infertility are very similar. It is argued that endometriosis is a systemic rather than local disease, thus requiring systemic therapy. Currently available medical and surgical techniques are effective in relieving symptomatology associated with endometriosis, although this is often temporary. A new clinical approach is needed that considers systemic presentation and likely immunologic pathophysiology.

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