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Neurosci Lett. 1993 Feb 19;150(2):183-6.

Motor activity induced by disinhibition of the primary motor cortex of the rat is blocked by a non-NMDA glutamate receptor antagonist.

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Cajal Institute, Madrid, Spain.


Application of a GABAA (gamma-aminobutyric acid-A) receptor antagonist through a microdialysis probe into the forelimb primary motor cortex of ketamine-anesthetized rats induced electromyographic activity in the contralateral forelimb. This activity consisted of spontaneous forelimb movements with a frequency of 0.8 +/- 0.2 Hz. The motor activity induced by GABAA receptor blockade was suppressed by application through the dialysis probe of a non-NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) receptor antagonist, but not by an NMDA receptor antagonist. Glutamate eliminated the blocking effect of the non-NMDA receptor antagonist upon GABAA receptor blockade mediated activity. In conclusion, the results show that an excitatory input to the motor cortical output is mediated through a non-NMDA receptor, therefore the effects of cortical disinhibition may be controlled by non-NMDA receptors.

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