Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1993 Mar 15;90(6):2404-8.

A single bifunctional enzyme, PilD, catalyzes cleavage and N-methylation of proteins belonging to the type IV pilin family.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle 98195.

Abstract

Precursors of the type IV pilins of a number of bacterial pathogens, as well as related proteins involved in extracellular protein export and DNA uptake, are synthesized with short basic leader sequences. Maturation of these proteins involves two consecutive posttranslational modifications. The leader sequence is first proteolytically removed by specialized endopeptidases, of which the prototype is encoded by the pilD gene of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Subsequently, the amino termini of these proteins are methylated. Here we demonstrate that PilD, in addition to cleaving the amino-terminal leader sequences of prepilin, also catalyzes N-methylation of the amino-terminal phenylalanine of the mature pilin, using S-adenosyl-L-methionine as a methyl donor. Thus, to our knowledge, PilD is the first characterized bacterial N-methyltransferase. Complete inhibition of N-methylation, but not peptide cleavage, by structural analogues of S-adenosyl-L-methionine suggests that PilD is a bifunctional enzyme with proteolytic and methylation activities carried out within two distinct active sites.

PMID:
8096341
PMCID:
PMC46095
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center