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Clin Infect Dis. 1993 Mar;16(3):412-6.

Isolation of a nicotinamide-requiring clone of Escherichia coli O18:K1:H7 from women with acute cystitis: resemblance to strains found in neonatal meningitis.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Ohio State University, Columbus 43210-1240.


During a study of the nutritional requirements of clinical isolates of Escherichia coli, we found that 21 (7.0%) of 301 strains required nicotinamide to grow in minimal medium. The nicotinamide-requiring strains were present in 16 (15.8%) of 101 cultures of urine from young women with acute cystitis, in 5 (5.0%) of 100 stool specimens from healthy adults, and in none of 100 blood samples from adult patients with bacteremia. Most of the strains belonged to serogroup O18:K1:H7, were hemolytic, possessed type 1 fimbriae, and exhibited similar patterns of antibiotic susceptibility. Two of the urinary isolates expressed S fimbriae, and all 16 urinary isolates contained the sfaS homologue gene on their chromosomes. One of the stool isolates contained the sfaS gene. The urinary isolates closely resembled a large clone of E. coli that is reportedly associated with neonatal meningitis and sepsis. It may be possible to detect this and related clones by their requirement for nicotinamide and to screen strains for S fimbriae by relatively inexpensive hemagglutination methods, including the use of avian P1 antigens to detect mannose-resistant, non-P-fimbriated E. coli; the agglutination of bovine erythrocytes; and the use of bovine mucin to detect sialyl galactosides in S fimbriae.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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