Send to

Choose Destination
Eur J Immunol. 1993 Mar;23(3):608-13.

The CD2 and CD28 adhesion molecules induce long-term autocrine proliferation of CD4+ T cells.

Author information

Unité INSERM U119, Marseille, France.


In vitro human T lymphocyte activation requires two-signal triggering delivered by lectins, phorbol esters or antibodies directed against surface molecules. Stimulation of adhesion molecules by CD2 and/or CD28 antibodies defines alternative activation pathways. Activation by CD2 + CD28 monoclonal antibodies induces high-level, long-lasting and monocyte-independent proliferation of highly purified T cells. Limiting dilution cultures showed that CD28 in association with CD2 or CD3, without addition of exogenous cytokines, induced single-cell proliferation. CD2 + CD28 stimulation induced long-term interleukin (IL)-2-dependent autocrine proliferation of CD4+ T cell clones. We tried to elucidate this long-term proliferation by evaluating cytokine secretion and cytokine dependency. CD28 associated to CD3 or CD2 induced high levels of IL-2, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and IL-4 secretion for 10 days, in contrast to CD3 alone which induced only TNF secretion. Cytokines of the monocytic lineage were also secreted, such as colony-stimulating factor-1, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor or IL-1, the latter being more specific of CD2 + CD28 activation. Blocking antibodies confirmed the crucial role of IL-2 in CD2 + CD28 activation. Anti-IL-4, anti-IL-7 receptor or anti-TNF antibodies had no effect on proliferation. Stimulation with CD2 + CD28 induced long-term autocrine (at least for IL-2) proliferation for CD4+ T cells, with no evidence for the implication of another cytokine among those tested other than IL-2. This represents a model for long-term autocrine growth for non-leukemic cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center