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Vaccine. 1993;11(2):155-8.

Immunization of rabbits with enterotoxigenic E. coli colonization factor antigen (CFA/I) encapsulated in biodegradable microspheres of poly (lactide-co-glycolide).

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Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore 21201.


We have searched for an effective oral delivery system for a purified enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) fimbrial adhesin, CFA/I, which elicits anti-colonization immunity. Purified CFA/I antigen encapsulated in biodegradable polymer microspheres of poly (DL-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLG) induced a vigorous, systemic CFA/I IgG antibody response in rabbits immunized once via intragastric tube; oral, unencapsulated CFA/I induced little or no circulating antibody. CFA/I-specific, S-IgA coproantibody was detected in one of three rabbits fed with the CFA/I-PLG microsphere vaccine. We conclude that PLG microspheres protected CFA/I from degradation in the stomach and effectively delivered the antigen for processing by the host's immune system.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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