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Acta Paediatr Jpn. 1994 Jun;36(3):244-9.

A flow cytometric method for measurement of hydrogen peroxide generation by pediatric polymorphonuclear leukocytes stimulated by Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli.

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1
Department of Pediatrics, Mie National Hospital, Japan.

Abstract

The generation of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), one of the reactive oxygen species, by polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) stimulated by Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli was studied in infants by cytofluorography. After heparinized whole blood was incubated with bacteria for 60 min, generated H2O2 was measured. The positive rate of H2O2 generation of PMN and mean fluorescent intensity of positive PMN stimulated by S. aureus and E. coli were significantly reduced in infants aged < 1 year and H2O2 generation increased with advancing age. In 10-15 year old children, the level of generated H2O2 reached adult levels. When sera from 1 year old children were added to separated PMN from healthy adults, H2O2 generation was reduced. In contrast, H2O2 generation by PMN from 1 year old children was increased by the addition of adult sera. These results suggest that the ability to generate H2O2 in response to S. aureus and E. coli is lower in infants and that such reduced activity may be related to the susceptibility of such infants to S. aureus and E. coli infections.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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