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Pathology. 1994 Apr;26(2):161-9.

The morphological effects of the anti-tumor agents flavone acetic acid and 5,6-dimethyl xanthenone acetic acid on the colon 38 mouse tumor.

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Department of Pathology, University of Auckland School of Medicine, New Zealand.


Flavone acetic acid and 5,6-dimethyl xanthenone acetic acid have a broad spectrum of anti-tumor activity in mice, and act by stimulating immune cells and inhibiting tumor blood flow, resulting in hemorrhagic necrosis within 24 hrs. To study the evolution of hemorrhagic necrosis, subcutaneous Colon 38 tumors were examined by light and electron microscopy from 30 min to 24 hrs after treatment with these agents, and measurements of tumor energy metabolites made. The results show that both agents cause apoptosis beginning at 30 min, and that by 4 hrs necrosis supervenes, accompanied by rupture of tumor blood vessels. The absence of early endothelial cell damage or thrombosis suggests that vessel rupture, and consequent loss of blood flow and energy metabolite depletion, is caused by loss of extravascular mechanical support by the tumor parenchyma.

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