Send to

Choose Destination
Nature. 1994 Sep 29;371(6496):426-9.

Activation of p70/p85 S6 kinase by a pathway independent of p21ras.

Author information

Friedrich Miescher Institute, Basel, Switzerland.


The enzymes p70s6k and p85s6k are two isoforms of the same kinase and are important in mitogenesis. Both isoforms are activated by a complex phosphorylation event and lie on a common signalling pathway, distinct from that of the p42mapk/p44mapk kinases. Activation of p42mapk/p44mapk is triggered by sequential activation of the GDP-GTP exchange factor Sos, the GTP-binding protein p21ras, and protein kinases p74raf and p47mek (refs 7-10). As p21ras transformed cells have increased S6 phosphorylation, we tested whether the p70s6k/p85s6k signalling pathway bifurcates between p21ras and p42mapk/p44mapk. We found that mutants of p74raf and p21ras blocked activation of epitope-tagged p44mapk but not epitope-tagged p70s6k. Moreover, in cells expressing human platelet-derived growth factor receptors lacking the kinase-insert domain, the growth factor activates p21ras but not p70s6k/p85s6k. The critical autophosphorylation site for p70s6k/p85s6k activation within this domain is a tyrosine at residue 751. Our results show that the p70s6k/p85s6k signalling pathway is independent of p21ras, that it bifurcates from the p21ras pathway at the receptor, and that it is initiated by autophosphorylation at a specific site.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group
Loading ...
Support Center