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[Manganese in drinking water and its contribution to human exposure].

[Article in French]

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Département de médecine du travail et d'hygiène du milieu, Faculté de Médecine, Université de Montréal, Québec, Canada.


Methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (MMT) has been used in Canada since 1976 as an additive in unleaded gasoline. The combustion of MMT leads to the emission of Mn oxides to the environment and may represent a potential risk to public health. It therefore seems important to assess the associated Mn exposure. The present study is part of a broader research program on total human exposure to Mn and aims specifically at assessing the level of exposure to Mn and other metals via drinking water. A comparative study was performed between two groups of workers (garage mechanics and blue collar workers of the University of Montreal) differentiated by their exposure to inhaled Mn. For Pb, Cu and Zn in residential tap water, significant differences were observed between the first sample and the one taken after one minute of flow. A significant difference was also found between the two groups of workers (combined flow time) for Mn, Cu and Ca. The Mn contribution from water is estimated to be 1% of the total dose from ingested food. This low exposure may become important (17%) for persons drinking well water, especially if we consider interactions between metals following multimedia exposure.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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