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JAMA. 1994 Sep 28;272(12):941-6.

Impact of quality-of-care factors on pediatric intensive care unit mortality.

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1
Department of Pediatrics, George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, DC.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the importance of the following care factors previously associated with hospital quality on survival from pediatric intensive care: size of the intensive care unit (ICU), medical school teaching status of the hospital housing the ICU, specialist status (pediatric intensivist), and unit coordination.

DESIGN:

After a national survey, consecutive case series were collected at 16 sites randomly selected to represent unique combinations of quality-of-care factors.

SETTING:

Pediatric ICUs.

PATIENTS:

Consecutive admissions to each site.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

Patient mortality adjusted for physiologic status, diagnosis, and other mortality risk factors.

RESULTS:

There were 5415 pediatric ICU admissions and 248 ICU deaths. The ICUs differed significantly with respect to descriptive variables, including mortality (range, 2.2% to 16.4%). Analysis of risk-adjusted mortality indicated that the hospital teaching status and the presence of a pediatric intensivist were significantly associated with a patient's chance of survival. The probability of patient survival after hospitalization in an ICU located in a teaching hospital was decreased (relative odds of dying, 1.79; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.23 to 2.61; P = .002). In contrast, the probability of patient survival after hospitalization in an ICU with a pediatric intensivist was improved (relative odds of dying, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.44 to 0.95; P = .027). Post hoc analysis indicated that the higher severity-adjusted mortality in teaching hospitals may be explained by the presence of residents caring for ICU patients.

CONCLUSION:

Characteristics indicative of the best overall hospital quality may not be associated, or may be negatively associated, with quality of care in specialized care areas, including the pediatric ICU.

PMID:
8084061
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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