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J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 1994 Jun;23(5):429-35.

Evaluation of a caregiver education program: home oxygen therapy for infants.

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1
McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the effectiveness of a structured education program for increasing caregiver knowledge of infants discharged on home oxygen therapy.

DESIGN:

The study used a one-group pretest-posttest design with recruitment of subjects between May 1988 and May 1989.

SETTING/PARTICIPANTS:

All subjects were primary caregivers of infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia who were discharged from a tertiary-care center. Eighteen caregivers of 10 infants entered and completed the study.

INTERVENTIONS:

The education program included a booklet, videotape, and practical session. A pretest was administered immediately before the caregiver entered the program, and a posttest was administered immediately after caregiver completion of the program. A delayed posttest was administered 6 weeks after the infant's discharge from the hospital.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

The difference between the mean scores on the pretest and posttest.

RESULTS:

Posttest scores were significantly higher than pretest scores (t = 4.22; p < .01).

CONCLUSION:

The significant difference between the pretest and posttest scores was due to the education program. The effects of history and maturation on posttest scores were minimal.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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