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Immunobiology. 1994 Feb;190(1-2):53-66.

Lipopeptide-polyoxyethylene conjugates as mitogens and adjuvants.

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Institut für Immunbiologie, Universität Freiburg, Germany.


Two lipopeptide analogues of the Escherichia coli lipoprotein rendered water-soluble by polyoxyethylene were tested for mitogenicity in vitro in murine and human B lymphocytes and for adjuvant activity in vivo in mice. These highly amphiphilic lipopeptides retained the biological activity other lipopeptides usually exerted which supports the hypothesis of specific interactions of lipopeptides with membranes of reactive cells. The activation of human B lymphocytes by these lipopeptides was much less pronounced compared to that of murine cells. However, given in combination with anti-CD40 antibodies plus interleukin-4, human B lymphocytes could synergistically be stimulated to proliferate. As an adjuvant, the polyoxyethylene linked lipopeptides were almost as potent as Freund's adjuvants and other basic lipopeptides. Being water-soluble, these novel analogues are easy to apply and they are suitable for field studies as adjuvants when sonication can not usually be provided.

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