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Eur J Pharmacol. 1994 May 12;257(1-2):7-12.

Acute but not chronic activation of the NMDA-coupled glycine receptor with D-cycloserine facilitates learning and retention.

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1
Laboratory of Behavioral Neurology, New York University Medical Center, NY 10016.

Abstract

The memory-enhancing potential of D-cycloserine (cycloserine) a partial agonist at the glycine recognition site on the NMDA receptor, was evaluated in mice using a thirst-motivated linear maze learning task. Immediate acute post-training injections (10, 20 and 80 mg/kg) significantly improved retention relative to vehicle-injected controls. Retention was also facilitated if cycloserine (3 and 10 mg/kg but not 20 or 40 mg/kg) was administered 20 min before the retention test. Acquisition of the habit was accelerated if cycloserine (3 mg/kg) was injected 20 min before the training session. Acute post-training injections failed to facilitate retention if mice were pretreated with cycloserine (3 mg/kg) b.i.d. for 15 days before training on the maze. These results indicate that acute cycloserine administration can enhance consolidation and retrieval of memory but that desensitization may occur with chronic exposure to the drug.

PMID:
8082709
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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