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Dysphagia. 1994 Summer;9(3):141-6.

Pilot study of 12-month outcomes of nursing home patients with aspiration on videofluoroscopy.

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1
Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.

Abstract

The 12-month clinical outcomes of nursing home patients who underwent videofluoroscopic swallowing evaluation was determined. A retrospective review of 40 patients in a teaching nursing home who had videofluoroscopic swallowing studies from 1987 through 1989 was performed. Clinical outcomes measured included feeding tube placement, rehospitalization within 1 year, prolonged nursing home stay (> 6 months), pneumonia, and pneumonia death. It was determined if outcomes were associated with the presence of aspiration on videofluoroscopy and subsequent feeding tube placement. In the 12-month follow-up period, 17 of 40 patients (43%) who underwent videofluoroscopic swallowing evaluation developed pneumonia and 18 of 40 (45%) died. Twenty-two patients demonstrated aspiration on videofluoroscopy. Increased rehospitalization was the only outcome measure that was associated with the presence of aspiration on videofluoroscopy (p < or = 0.05). Of 22 patients with aspiration, 15 had feeding tubes placed. This group had a higher rate of pneumonia (p < or = 0.05) and pneumonia death (p < or = 0.05) compared with the 7 patients with aspiration who did not receive feeding tubes. Patients with nasogastric tubes had a higher death rate (7/9) than patients with gastrostomy tubes (2/8; p < or = 0.05), but similar rates of rehospitalization and pneumonia. Nursing home patients who underwent video-fluoroscopic swallowing evaluation had poor clinical outcomes at 12 months, regardless of their test results.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
8082320
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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