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Curr Genet. 1994 Jun;25(6):488-96.

Isolation and characterization of sulfite mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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Department of Food Science and Technology, Oregon State University, Corvallis 97331-6602.


Sulfite-resistant and sulfite-sensitive mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae were isolated and characterized. Genetic analysis indicated that one and four genes were responsible for the resistant and sensitive responses, respectively, and suggested that defects in methionine and cysteine metabolism were not involved. Some resistant alleles, all of which were dominant, conferred greater resistance than others. Mutations conferring sensitivity were recessive and one co-segregated with impaired respiration. Two of the sensitive mutants exhibited cross-sensitivity to other metabolic inhibitors: sulfometuron methyl, cycloheximide, oligomycin, and antimycin A. A 50% glutathione deficiency in one sensitive mutant was not sufficient in itself to account for its sensitivity. Screening of other relevant mutants revealed that relative to wild-type, met8 and a thioredoxin null mutant are sensitive, and met3 and met14 mutants are not. Reduced production of extracellular acetaldehyde, a compound that detoxifies sulfite, was observed in three of the four sensitive mutants. However, acetaldehyde was also underproduced in the resistant mutant. Because sulfite is a reducing agent, cells were tested for coincident sensitivity or resistance to ascorbate, selenite, dithiothreitol, nitrite, thiosulfate, reduced glutathione, and cysteine. No consistent pattern of responses to these agents emerged, suggesting that the response to sulfite is not a simple function of redox potential.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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