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Cell Adhes Commun. 1994 Jun;2(2):115-29.

Developmental expression of nicein adhesion protein (laminin-5) subunits suggests multiple morphogenic roles.

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INSERM U385, Faculté de Médecine, Nice, France.


Nicein/kalinin (laminin-5) is a heterotrimeric laminin-like adhesion protein, which is secreted at the basement membrane of subsets of epithelia and is involved in the etiology of junctional epidermolysis bullosa, a severe human blistering disease characterized by disadhesion of epidermis from dermis. cDNA clones encoding the three chains of mouse nicein and antibodies specific to each polypeptide were used to examine the expression of the protein in the developing mouse embryo from 10.5 day post coitum to 7 days after birth. At various stages of development, co-expression of the three chains of nicein was observed in amnion, skin, and in epithelia of respiratory, urinary and digestive systems. High level expression of nicein was seen in enamel-secreting ameloblasts in developing teeth. Cell-specific distribution of nicein was also detected in other specialized tissues representative of the three primary embryonic germ layers with prominent secretory or protective functions. Differential and focal expression of nicein subunits was observed in the choroid plexus and the floor plate of the neural tube. Messenger for the heavy chain of nicein was detected in the floor plate, where mouse s-laminin messengers were also found. This suggests that nicein genes may play a role in the migration and polarization of motor neurons in the developing spinal cord.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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