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Cell Adhes Commun. 1994 Jan;1(4):295-305.

Tyrosine phosphorylation of beta-catenin and plakoglobin enhanced by hepatocyte growth factor and epidermal growth factor in human carcinoma cells.

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Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Setsunan University, Osaka, Japan.


The effect of hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF/SF) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) on cadherin-mediated adhesion of human carcinoma cells was studied. HGF/SF induced scattering of colonic adenocarcinoma HT29 and gastric adenocarcinomas MKN7 and MKN74 cells. Likewise, EGF induced scattering of HT29 and MKN7 cells. These cells expressed E-cadherin, which was concentrated at cell-cell contact sites. When the scattering of these cells was induced by HGF/SF or EGF, the E-cadherin concentration at cell-cell boundaries tended to decrease. Immunoblotting analyses, however, demonstrated that these growth factor treatments did not alter the expression of E-cadherin and E-cadherin-associated proteins, alpha- and beta-catenin and plakoglobin. beta-Catenin, plakoglobin and an unidentified 115-kDa molecule associated with E-cadherin were found to be phosphorylated at tyrosine residues, and these phosphorylations were enhanced by the growth factor treatments. These results suggest that HGF/SF and EGF may modulate the function of the cadherin-catenin system via tyrosine phosphorylation of cadherin-associated proteins.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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