Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Zygote. 1993 Feb;1(1):9-15.

Ratio confocal imaging of free cytoplasmic calcium gradients in polarising and polarised Fucus zygotes.

Author information

Ecole Normale Suprieure de Lyon, France.


In the marine brown alga, Fucus, two poles are differentiated before cell division determining the future rhizoid or thallus. We have used a combination of the Ca(2+)-sensitive dye Calcium Green and the pH-sensitive dye SNARF monitored at pH-insensitive wavelengths to obtain confocal ratio images of free cytoplasmic calcium distribution at different stages in polarising Fucus zygotes. These dyes have the advantage that they can be used in most confocal microscopes and their longer excitation wavelengths greatly reduce autofluorescence problems. Dyes of varying molecular weights (free acid form, 10,000 mol.wt or 70,000 mol.wt dextran-conjugated) were pressure microinjected into early zygotes which were allowed to polarise in unidirectional light. Dextran-conjugated dyes remained non-compartmentalised and fluorescence could be monitored for up to 3 days following microinjection. Currently we have been able to detect Ca2+ gradients at the tip of the rhizoid, confirming earlier results. Localised Ca2+ elevations have also been observed at the rhizoid pole of the polarising zygote before the onset of rhizoid germination. Limitations of this technique and the significance of these Ca2+ gradients are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center