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Brain Inj. 1994 May-Jun;8(4):357-61.

The use of cranial electrotherapy stimulation in the treatment of closed-head-injured patients.

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Science and Clinical Services, MedTec 2000, Inc, Fort Worth, Texas.


This double-blind study sought to discover if cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES), which is a known treatment of depression, anxiety and insomnia in non-head-injured patients, could be an effective, drug-free treatment of stress-related symptoms in the closed-head-injured (CHI) patient. In this study 10 CHI patients treated for 45 min daily, 4 days a week for 3 weeks, responded significantly on all negative mood factors of the Profile Of Mood States, while five sham-treated and six placebo controls did not. While the majority of the patients were known seizure cases, no patient suffered a seizure during CES therapy. No placebo effects were found, nor were any negative effects from CES treatment seen.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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