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Can J Appl Physiol. 1994 Jun;19(2):139-50.

Cardiovascular adaptations in 8- to 12-year-old boys following a 14-week running program.

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Exercise Science Laboratory, University of Maryland, College Park 20742.


This study examined the effects of a 14-week running program on VO2max, as well as cardiac output (Q) and arterial-venous O2 difference (a-vO2 dif) at submaximal intensities corresponding to 50 and 75% of VO2max. Thirteen boys (mean age 10.6 +/- 1.2 yrs) served as experimental subjects while 13 other boys of similar age (mean age 10.2 +/- 1.2 yrs) served as controls. Mean VO2max in the runners increased 13%, from 44.2 +/- 7.0 to 49.9 +/- 6.3 Posttraining VO2 during submaximal and maximal exercise was significantly (p < 0.05) greater in the runners than in the controls. Q and SV exhibited an increase of 10% at each intensity, but posttraining differences between groups were not significant (p > 0.05). A-vO2 dif increased by 8% at 50% of VO2max and by 6% at 75% of VO2max, and was significantly greater in the runners following training. These results indicate that increases in submaximal relative VO2 in children are mediated by increases in a-vO2 dif and Q.

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