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Eur J Cancer. 1994;30A(5):682-6.

Growth inhibition of oestrogen receptor-positive human ovarian carcinoma by anti-oestrogens in vitro and in a xenograft model.

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ICRF Medical Oncology Unit, Western General Hospital, Edinburgh, U.K.


This paper presents results of the in vitro and in vivo effects of anti-oestrogens on the growth of human ovarian cancer cells. Tamoxifen and the "pure" anti-oestrogens, ICI 164,384 and ICI 182,780, inhibited the oestrogen-stimulated growth of the oestrogen receptor (ER)-positive PE04 and PE01 cell lines grown in culture, the latter two compounds being more potent than tamoxifen. In the absence of 17 beta-oestradiol (E2), tamoxifen, but not the pure anti-oestrogens, produced a small degree of growth stimulation in the PE01 and PE04 lines at concentrations between 10((7) and 10(-9) M. In contrast, growth of the ER-negative PE014 line was unaffected by E2 and all three anti-oestrogens. The effects of tamoxifen and ICI 182,780 on PE04 cells grown as xenografts in nude mice were also studied. Both anti-oestrogens produce significant growth inhibitory effects. These results indicate that ovarian carcinoma cells may be sensitive to anti-oestrogens in vitro and in vivo, and support the view that anti-oestrogens merit further clinical studies in patients with ER-positive tumours.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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