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J Invest Dermatol. 1994 Sep;103(3):352-8.

Localization of mRNAs representing interstitial collagenase, 72-kda gelatinase, and TIMP in healing porcine burn wounds.

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1
Division of Dermatology, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37212.

Abstract

The process of wound healing sets in motion a complex and dynamic series of events, which includes the remodeling of the extracellular matrix. Degradation of matrix macromolecules is mediated through the actions of the matrix metalloproteinase family. Conversely, the actions of this enzyme family are regulated by tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). In this study, we have developed riboprobes derived from human cDNAs representing collagenase, 72-kDa gelatinase, and TIMP and have found them to be sufficiently specific and sensitive for use in in situ hybridization studies of porcine burn wounds. Expression of these mRNAs, although not seen in uninjured skin, was found to be a predictable and locally distinct event in wound repair. Transcripts for collagenase and TIMP but not 72-kDa gelatinase were detected at the resurfacing epithelial margin; label was also detected in and around follicular epithelium within the wound bed. Transcripts for both metalloenzymes and TIMP were found throughout the viable dermis and subcutaneous tissues underlying the wound bed. However, expression of 72-kDa gelatinase was most prominent in the superficial dermis adjacent to the resurfacing epidermis at the wound margin. Collagenase and TIMP transcripts were particularly prominent in a perivascular pattern in the dermis and in the connective tissue network surrounding adipocytes in the subcutaneous zone. Numerous cell types appeared to be involved, including keratinocytes, fibroblasts, macrophages, and endothelial cells. Future exploitation of this porcine thermal injury model is likely to provide information about the spatial and temporal patterns of matrix metalloproteinase and TIMP expression in cutaneous wound healing.

PMID:
8077700
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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