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J Am Coll Nutr. 1994 Jun;13(3):256-61.

Relationship of weight loss to cardiovascular risk factors in morbidly obese individuals.

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1
Metabolic-Endocrinology Section, VA Medical Center, Lexington, KY 40511.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study critically examined the relationships between weight loss and changes in serum lipid and blood pressure levels.

DESIGN:

Eighty morbidly obese women and men were treated with an intensive very-low-calorie diet (VLCD) and behavioral education program. Body weight and blood pressure were measured weekly. Serum lipids were measured biweekly.

RESULTS:

Patients lost an average of 35.3 kg in 25.6 weeks. These values decreased significantly: fasting serum cholesterol, 15.1%; low density lipoprotein cholesterol, 17.0%; triglycerides, 14.2%; systolic blood pressure, 8.7%; and diastolic blood pressure, 10.2%. Changes in serum lipids and blood pressure were significantly (p < 0.001) correlated with baseline values and with changes in body mass index (BMI) after adjustment for baseline values. Patients maintained an average of 19.7 kg of their weight loss at the 2-year follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS:

Weight reduction through a multidisciplinary VLCD program significantly reduces risk factors for cardiovascular disease; for morbidly obese individuals, improvements in risk factors were significantly and linearly related to changes in the BMI.

PMID:
8077574
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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