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Jpn J Antibiot. 1994 Jun;47(6):676-92.

[Evaluation of once-daily administration of arbekacin. Experimental study and determination of pharmacokinetic properties in man].

[Article in Japanese]

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Department of Internal Medicine, Tokyo Women's Medical College.


Experimental and phase I clinical studies were performed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of once-daily administration of arbekacin (ABK). The results obtained were as follows: 1. ABK displayed dose-dependent, excellent antibacterial activity and post-antibiotic effects (PAE) against MRSA. 2. No significant difference was found between once-daily and divided administration regimens in protection against an experimental MRSA infection in mice. 3. There was no significant difference between once-daily and twice-daily administration of ABK in ototoxicity in guinea pigs or in nephrotoxicity in rats. 4. In the phase I clinical study using 200 mg single daily administration of ABK, no abnormal laboratory test results or symptoms were observed. 5. In the phase I clinical study of 5-day repeated administration of 200 mg/day of ABK, headache and increase in WBC sediment in the urine was noted in 1 volunteer; however these were not confirmed to be attributable to ABK. No abnormal laboratory test results were obtained other than increases in beta 2-microglobulin, NAG and gamma-GTP levels, each of which returned to normal after the completion of ABK administration. No abnormality was observed in the audiometry examination. 6. Maximum serum concentration (Cmax), serum half-life (T1/2 beta) and urinary recovery rate (0-48 hours) after single administration of 200 mg of ABK, were 13.20 micrograms/ml, 2.30 hours and 86.75%, respectively. There were no significant differences in pharmacokinetic parameters or urinary recovery rates between day 1 and day 5 in the 5-day repeated administration study. These findings suggest that once-daily administration regimen of ABK may be as effective and safe as divided administration regimen for the treatment of MRSA infection. Further clinical evaluation is required, however.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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