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Histochemistry. 1994 Feb;101(2):91-8.

Immunohistochemistry of carbonic anhydrase in human placenta and fetal membranes.

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1
Department of Anatomy, RWTH Aachen, Germany.

Abstract

The localization of human carbonic anhydrase (CA) isoenzymes HCA I, HCA II, and rat CA II have been studied in human umbilical cord, chorion laeve including amnion and placenta from first and second trimester and also from term pregnancies. Detection techniques of immunofluorescence and immunoperoxidase were used in cryostat and paraffin sections. Both isoenzymes were found in the villous syncytiotrophoblast throughout pregnancy. HCA I staining patterns in the villous endothelium were highly variable whereas increasing immunoreactivity levels of endothelial HCA II were detected as pregnancy advances. The extravillous cytotrophoblast showed generally weaker levels of immunoreactivity. In amnionic epithelium of membranes, chorionic plate and umbilical cord, higher activities for HCA I, HCA II and rat CA II were found than in all other localizations. Our findings emphasize the importance of enzyme mediated bicarbonate/CO2 removal from the feto-placental unit as opposed to simple bicarbonate diffusion or carrier mediated transport. As effective transfer routes should be considered not only umbilical cord--placental villi--intervillous space, but also fetal kidney--amnionic fluid--amnion--uterine vessels.

PMID:
8071088
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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