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NMR Biomed. 1994 Mar;7(1-2):12-20.

Spin-echo and gradient-echo EPI of human brain activation using BOLD contrast: a comparative study at 1.5 T.

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1
Biophysics Research Institute, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee 53226.

Abstract

In this study, Blood Oxygenation Level Dependent (BOLD) contrast in the detection of human brain activation was compared between spin-echo and gradient-echo echo-planar sequences at 1.5 T. Time course series of spin-echo and gradient-echo images containing the primary motor cortex were collected during rest (no finger movement) and activation (finger movement). Each time course series was collected using a different TE. Resting and active state signal intensities at each TE were measured in identical regions in the motor cortex. From these data, resting and active state R2 (1/T2) and R2* (1/T2*) values were obtained. Across four subjects, brain activation produced an average R2 change of -0.16 +/- 0.02/s (+/- SE), and an average R2* change of -0.55 +/- 0.08/s. The average delta R2*/delta R2 ratio was 3.52 +/- 0.56. The average gradient-echo/spin-echo ratio of activation-induced signal changes at the TE for maximal BOLD contrast for each sequence (TE approximately T2* and T2) was calculated to be 1.87 +/- 0.40.

PMID:
8068520
DOI:
10.1002/nbm.1940070104
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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