Send to

Choose Destination
NMR Biomed. 1994 Mar;7(1-2):12-20.

Spin-echo and gradient-echo EPI of human brain activation using BOLD contrast: a comparative study at 1.5 T.

Author information

Biophysics Research Institute, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee 53226.


In this study, Blood Oxygenation Level Dependent (BOLD) contrast in the detection of human brain activation was compared between spin-echo and gradient-echo echo-planar sequences at 1.5 T. Time course series of spin-echo and gradient-echo images containing the primary motor cortex were collected during rest (no finger movement) and activation (finger movement). Each time course series was collected using a different TE. Resting and active state signal intensities at each TE were measured in identical regions in the motor cortex. From these data, resting and active state R2 (1/T2) and R2* (1/T2*) values were obtained. Across four subjects, brain activation produced an average R2 change of -0.16 +/- 0.02/s (+/- SE), and an average R2* change of -0.55 +/- 0.08/s. The average delta R2*/delta R2 ratio was 3.52 +/- 0.56. The average gradient-echo/spin-echo ratio of activation-induced signal changes at the TE for maximal BOLD contrast for each sequence (TE approximately T2* and T2) was calculated to be 1.87 +/- 0.40.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center