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Bone. 1994 May-Jun;15(3):261-7.

Effects of two different bisphosphonates on Paget's disease of bone: ICTP assessed.

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1
Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Perugia, Italy.

Abstract

Clodronate and alendronate were compared in 27 patients with active Paget's bone disease. Carboxyterminal crosslinked telopeptide of type I collagen (ICTP) was evaluated as a marker of bone turnover in Paget's bone disease. Group 1. Nineteen patients received clodronate infusions (300 mg/daily) on 5 consecutive days. After 1 year, 12 patients (63%) were still in remission; urinary hydroxyproline (64.8%) and serum alkaline phosphatase (59.4%) were significantly reduced and had returned to normal in 30%. Patients in remission had significantly higher basal values of urinary hydroxyproline. No adverse side effects were observed. Group 2. One year after clodronate, seven relapsing patients retrospectively underwent five consecutive infusions of alendronate (5 mg/daily). Within 12 months, urinary hydroxyproline fell by 74.7%, alkaline phosphatase dropped by 75.2%, osteocalcin by 47.3%, and ICTP by 56.4%. In all patients, urinary hydroxyproline and alkaline phosphatase returned to normal within 3 months and remained within the normal range during the 12-month follow-up. Most patients had mild, short course fever and arthromyalgia. Group 3. Eight newly diagnosed pagetics, received alendronate alone (5 mg/daily for 5 days). All patients responded well to alendronate within the first month. None suffered a relapse during the follow-up. At month 12, urinary hydroxyproline was down by 71.4%, alkaline phosphatase by 75.3%, osteocalcin by 58.1%, and ICTP by 67.4%. In all patients, markers of bone remodeling were in the normal range at the end of the follow-up. Moderate, transitory arthromyalgia, and fever (high and lasting for 7 days in only one case) were observed in half of the patients.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
8068446
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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