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J Med Vet Mycol. 1994;32(2):83-92.

The syndrome of presumed ocular histoplasmosis in Mexico: a preliminary study.

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Asociación para Evitar la Ceguera en México Hospital Dr Luis Sanchez Bulnes, México D.F.


A study to screen for the syndrome of presumed ocular histoplasmosis (SPOH) among native populations from three Mexican states was performed. Two of these states, Guerrero and Querétaro, were selected as histoplasmosis is endemic there, whereas Tlaxcala was considered a control, due to the absence of reported cases. A total of 253 individuals were submitted to ocular fundus examination to obtain evidence of SPOH. A high percentage of positive reactors to histoplasmin skin test (ST) was observed in Guerrero (83%) and Querétaro (53%), whereas in Tlaxcala positive ST were almost absent (2.04%). Only five individuals had retinal lesions, although these lesions were not characteristic of the syndrome. Stimulation of these individual's cells showed different patterns in the histoplasmin-induced lymphocyte transformation response, and two out of five individuals with retinal lesions presented a stimulated response, as well as three controls without lesions. Histocompatibility antigens (HLA) were determined in a sample of each population and no particular allele, including HLA-B7, was found to be related to SPOH as reported in the USA; however, HLA-B22 was found in three individuals who developed pulmonary histoplasmosis. Results do not provide clinical evidence or data on specific HLA risk factors, for the presence of SPOH in the population studied.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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