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Cell. 1994 Aug 12;78(3):449-60.

High affinity binding of a fungal oligopeptide elicitor to parsley plasma membranes triggers multiple defense responses.

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Max-Planck-Institut für Züchtungsforschung Abteilung Biochemie, Köln, Federal Republic of Germany.


An oligopeptide of 13 amino acids (Pep-13) identified within a 42 kDa glycoprotein elicitor from P. mega-sperma was shown to be necessary and sufficient to stimulate a complex defense response in parsley cells comprising H+/Ca2+ influxes, K+/Cl- effluxes, an oxidative burst, defense-related gene activation, and phytoalexin formation. Binding of radiolabeled Pep-13 to parsley microsomes and protoplasts was specific, reversible, and saturable. Identical structural features of Pep-13 were found to be responsible for specific binding and initiation of all plant responses analyzed. The high affinity binding site recognizing the peptide ligand (KD = 2.4 nM) may therefore represent a novel class of receptors in plants, and the rapidly induced ion fluxes may constitute elements of the signal transduction cascade triggering pathogen defense in plants.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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