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FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 1994 May;8(4):293-8.

Production and cross-reactivity patterns of a panel of high affinity monoclonal antibodies to Vibrio cholerae O139 Bengal.

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1
National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Beliaghata, Calcutta, India.

Abstract

A series of monoclonal antibodies of different isotypes specific for Vibrio cholerae O139, the new pandemic strain of cholera, was produced. These mAbs reacted only with the reference strain (MO45) representing serovar O139 but did not react with any of the other reference strains representing serovars O1 to O140. Significantly, the mAbs did not agglutinate the R-cultures of V. cholerae (CA385, 20-93) which demonstrated the exceptional specificity of these mAbs and indicated that the mAbs recognized antigenic determinants unique for the O139 serovar. There was heterogeneity in the intensity of reactivity of the mAbs with strains of V. cholerae O139 isolated from diverse sources. Apart from 4H6, the other mAbs agglutinated all the O139 strains examined. 2D12 and 2F8 were the best mAbs based on the intensity of agglutination with all the O139 strains. Evaluation of 3A10 in comparison with a polyclonal anti-O139 antibody raised in rabbit using the slide agglutination format revealed that 3A10 fared as well as the polyclonal antibody for the laboratory identification of the O139 serovar. The acquisition of these mAbs provide reagents which would be very useful in the development of simple immunodiagnostic assays for the diagnosis of V. cholerae O139 infections.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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