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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1994 Aug 11;1223(1):133-40.

Directed cell killing (apoptosis) in human lymphoblastoid cells incubated in the presence of farnesol: effect of phosphatidylcholine.

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1
Department of Microbiology, Molecular Genetics and Immunology, Kansas University Medical Center, Kansas City 66160-7420.

Abstract

Previously reported observations have shown that trans-trans farnesol inhibits incorporation of choline into phosphatidylcholine and reduces the growth rate of the human acute leukemia CEM-C1 cell line (Melnykovych, G., Haug, J.S. and Goldner, C.M. (1992) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 186, 543-548). These findings have now been followed up in order to establish a relationship between the inhibition of phosphatidylcholine synthesis and the ensuing cell shrinkage and cell death which takes place at higher concentrations of farnesol or upon long incubation. The present results show that after incubation in the presence of farnesol the cells decrease in viability. Their nuclear DNA becomes fragmented at internucleosomal linker regions, showing characteristic pattern of bands at 180 to 200 base-pair intervals. This farnesol-induced effect was also demonstrated by flow cytometry by staining the cellular DNA with propidium iodide and was partially reversible with phosphatidylcholine.

PMID:
8061045
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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